What to build a house

Written by

producent manufaktura cegły angobowanej glazurowanej elewacyjnej licowej pełnej palonej ręcznie formowanej


By joining the construction of the house we ask ourselves what to build? There is an abundance of materials on the market, and the manufacturers are outraged in their praise, giving many not always known, not always reliable and not always proven. In the stream of information and advertising, one can easily lose not only an individual investor, but also a competent developer or professional investor.

Meanwhile, the answer to the questions posed is simple. If it is to be a good home, then you should build it with ceramic – bricks. Ceramics are building materials tested for centuries, invented in Mesopotamia several thousand years ago. Not only were the great temples and houses of nobility built from ceramic, but over time they became the basic building material for the construction of any building in antiquity and the Middle Ages. Ceramics were the basis for the construction of cities around the world in the industrialization era. Modern residential houses and public buildings are being built there. On the contrary, as a result of technological progress, the ceramic material gained additional advantageous properties, the product obtained a modern form, and the masonry techniques were improved and adapted to the fast erection of the walls. It is precisely the ceramics that build the best houses.
But what does a good home mean? What should characterize?

Strength and durability of bricks

The home should have strong structures, that is, walls, ceilings and other building elements should guarantee the ability to carry all the loads and impacts that may occur in use. It should be durable, ie the materials used to build it should not worsen their properties over time.
In the case of ceramic building materials, durability and durability go hand in hand. Compressive strength of ceramic products is very high, ranging from 5 to 30 MPa, and in the case of clinker products from 35 to 60 MPa. Mainly because of this, with the properly selected seasoning, the characteristic strength of the walls in compression is very high. In the case of ceramic brick walls of individual strength, 15 MPa is 8 MPa. Ceramic hollows can be used to design 188, 250, 288 mmm construction walls and 188, 250, 288, 300, 380, 400 and 440 mm hollow brick blocks.
The durability of masonry and facade ceramic products is known – it counts in tens and hundreds of years. You can therefore design and build a home that is durable and sustainable, and you must remember that you can not afford our society to build homes for one generation.


A safe home is one in which there are no hazards to health and life, and in the case of random, limited effects of hazards. Ceramic building products are produced exclusively from natural raw materials. They do not contain or emit harmful substances or substances to the environment. The level of emission of radioactive compounds is similar to that of natural wood. In random cases such as fire, the building structure of the building is not damaged or even damaged. The fire resistance of ceramic walls is very high. The fire resistance of the 250 mm thick ceramic wall is due to the load carrying capacity (N), the tightness (S), and the insulation (I) is REI 240 (min) and the wall thickness 120 mm – EI 120 (min). The latter case means that 120 mm thick partition walls can be made of ceramic voids, which demarcate fire protection zones,

Comfort of residence

Desirable level of comfort of the house, apartment or workplace is determined by thermal-humidity parameters, good acoustic insulation, efficient ventilation and aesthetic exterior of the whole building.
From the ceramic products you can successfully build walls meeting the current requirements of the Polish UPT standards “Building protection” on the thermal insulation of partitions. Both monolayer walls of ceramic materials as well as properly designed laminate walls are characterized by two very beneficial properties of friction and vapor permeability and high heat accumulation capacity. Thanks to these properties, the temperature and humidity inside the premises stay for a long time in spite of the rapid changes in these parameters outside the building. We are dealing with a solid, microclimate beneficial for humans.
In a building where external walls are made of ceramic products, no noise is produced outside the building. The thickness of these walls, resulting from the bearing capacity, ensures that the standard requirements are met. Also the interior walls of the ceramics perfectly protect against noise generated by users of other rooms and building equipment. Comfort in terms of acoustic insulation in this case provides:
– partition wall between rooms of the thickness of 65 mm from all ceramic products / also about gr. 80mm / Rw = 37dB,
– partition wall between rooms and sanitary rooms with a thickness of 120 mm from all ceramic products Rw = 42 dB,
– 250 mm thick masonry wall of all ceramic products – Rw = 52 dB,
Comfort is also aesthetic. The house should be pleasing, and the ceramic can be easily shaped various original architectural forms of the house, its interior and elevation, as well as the surroundings – according to the preferences of the inhabitants.

Low cost construction

The cost of construction consists of the price of materials and labor costs – these cost elements depend directly on the type of materials used.
Costs of purchasing materials should be assessed on the basis of the guarantee of meeting all requirements in the field of construction biology. It is clear from the previous assessment that ceramic materials have the highest utility value and that the best materials can not be the cheapest. It can be said that ceramic materials are relatively inexpensive, their prices remain unchanged despite the general price increase. This is the result of a systematic reduction of production costs. The cost of making a ceramic wall is systematically reduced. This is due to the production of new type products: larger dimensions, smaller volume, adapted to new construction techniques, especially in the tongue-in-groove system, which significantly reduces the masonry workload. The cost of erected walls is the smaller the larger the ceramic. For example, the workload of 1 m of 250 mm wall thickness of traditional brick is 2.3 man-hours, wall thickness 288 mm / hollow Max / – 1.8 man hours, wall thickness 440 from the hollow tongue system – keyway – 1.4 manhour.
Going back to the question of what to build? It turns out that the answer is not difficult at all, if you take into account the criteria that should meet the solid and healthy home where we would like to live will be red ceramics for sure. Other reasons for building a ceramic brick home are the same as the ability to build a house in a homogeneous material structure – from foundation to roof and easy to masonry.

Low cost of ownership

The most important, because of the materials used, the cost of running a home is the cost of heating and maintenance costs. The house should be designed so that the heat loss across all the walls is as small as possible. For construction, materials whose thermal insulation properties are not degraded over time and do not frost in case of dampness should be used. By using ceramic products you can easily meet these requirements.
Composite walls with a heat transfer coefficient of 0.2 – 0.3 W / (mj2K) can be made of brick and ceramic bricks and layers of thermal insulation material 80 – 120 mm thick. The thermal insulation blocks made of ceramic material of a single- 3 – 0.5 W / (mj2K). These are the most reasonable types of walls to minimize the heat loss and hence the cost of heating at relatively the lowest construction costs.
A house in which walls, facades, roofing, flooring and part of wall coverings were made of ceramic materials for many years does not require practically any maintenance. One can safely say that the more pottery, the lower the cost of home maintenance.
It is clear from the foregoing considerations that the utility values ​​of ceramic materials are indisputable, that the house built of them satisfies all the most demanding structural requirements and so- Construction biology
So you just need to build the best red brick from bricks.

Consultant of the National Association of Manufacturers of Building Materials “CERBUD”
Eng. Ryszard Belak